Microsoft Excel is a powerful tool used for a variety of tasks, including data analysis, budgeting, and financial forecasting. However, for those who are new to using Excel, creating a spreadsheet from scratch can be daunting. Fortunately, with some basic understanding of Excel’s features, anyone can learn how to create and customize a basic spreadsheet in no time.

The first step in creating an Excel spreadsheet is to open the program and create a new workbook. This can be done by selecting “New Workbook” under the “File” menu, or by using the shortcut key “Ctrl + N”. Once a new workbook is open, users can begin adding data to their spreadsheet by clicking on a cell and typing in the desired information. From there, users can format their data to be visually appealing and easy to read by adjusting font size, cell borders, and text justification.

Creating an Excel Spreadsheet – A Step-by-Step Guide

Now that you know what Excel is, and what it’s used for, let’s dive right into creating an Excel spreadsheet. Follow these simple steps to create your first Excel spreadsheet:

1. Open Microsoft Excel

The first step in creating an Excel spreadsheet is to open the software. This can be done in a number of ways, including clicking on the Excel icon on your desktop, searching for Excel in the Windows start menu, or clicking on the Excel app in your Microsoft Office Suite.

2. Choose a Blank Workbook

Once you’ve opened Excel, you’ll be presented with a number of options. To create a new, blank workbook, select the “Blank Workbook” option.

3. Choose the Number of Worksheets

A workbook can contain multiple worksheets, each identified by a tab along the bottom of the workbook. When creating your new workbook, you’ll be asked how many worksheets you’d like to include. Choose the number that’s appropriate for your needs and click “Create”.

4. Name Your Workbook

Before you start adding data to your new workbook, it’s a good idea to name it. This will make it easier to find and identify later. To name your workbook, click on the “File” menu, select “Save As”, and enter the name you’d like to give your workbook.

5. Choose Your Layout and Formatting

Excel offers a wide range of formatting and layout options to help make your data easier to read and understand. Consider the type of data you’ll be adding to your workbook and choose the formatting options that work best for you.

6. Enter Your Data

With your workbook created and formatted, it’s time to start adding data. You can add data to your workbook by typing it directly into the cells, or by copying and pasting it from other sources.

7. Use Formulas and Functions

Excel also offers a wide range of formulas and functions that can be used to calculate and analyze your data. These formulas can be accessed through the Formula Bar at the top of the workbook, or by using the Insert Function button.

8. Add Charts and Graphs

Another useful feature of Excel is the ability to create charts and graphs to help visualize your data. Excel offers a variety of chart types, including pie charts, bar graphs, and line charts, that can be easily customized to fit your needs.

9. Save Your Workbook Regularly

As you work on your workbook, it’s important to save your progress regularly to avoid losing any data. Excel offers an auto-save feature that can be turned on in the options menu, but it’s still a good idea to save your workbook manually every few minutes.

10. Share Your Workbook

Once you’ve created your Excel workbook, you may want to share it with others. Excel offers a variety of sharing options, including sending the workbook as an email attachment, uploading it to a shared server, or sending a link to the workbook through a cloud-based sharing platform like OneDrive or Google Drive.

With these simple steps, you now know how to create an Excel spreadsheet from scratch. Whether you’re using Excel for personal or professional use, the software’s powerful features and flexibility make it an invaluable tool for organizing, analyzing, and presenting data.

Understanding the Basic Layout of an Excel Spreadsheet

As a beginner, before you start making an Excel spreadsheet, it is necessary to understand the basic layout of an Excel spreadsheet.


An Excel spreadsheet is made up of a grid of cells that are arranged in rows and columns. Each cell is identified by a unique reference that is made up of the column letter and the row number. For example, cell A1 refers to the first cell in column A and row 1.

Columns and Rows

Columns are vertical sections in a spreadsheet that are identified by letters, such as A, B, C, and so on. Rows are horizontal sections in a spreadsheet that are identified by numbers, such as 1, 2, 3, and so on.

Cell Addresses

Each cell in an Excel spreadsheet has a unique address that is made up of a column letter and a row number. For example, cell A1 refers to the first cell in column A and row 1.

Working with Cells

You can start by selecting a cell and typing information or data into it. To select a cell, click on it with the mouse or use the arrow keys on your keyboard to move to the cell.

Formatting Cells

Formatting cells in an Excel spreadsheet help you to make your data look more organized and professional. You can use various formatting options such as font size, bold, italic, underlining, and more.

Inserting Rows and Columns

You can insert rows and columns in Excel to organize your data better. You can do this by selecting the row or column where you want to insert a new one, right-clicking on it, and clicking on Insert.

Merging and Splitting Cells

You can merge cells to combine two or more cells into a single cell. This is useful when you want to center a title or a heading over several columns. You can also split cells to divide a single cell into two or more cells.

Using Formulas and Functions

Excel allows you to perform calculations easily using formulas and functions. You can use basic arithmetic operators such as +, -, *, / to perform addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

Creating Charts and Graphs

In Excel, you can create various types of charts and graphs to visualize your data. You can create bar charts, line graphs, pie charts, and more.

Printing Your Spreadsheet

Once you have created your spreadsheet, you may want to print it. Excel provides several options for printing your spreadsheet. You can print the entire worksheet, a selected range of cells, or a particular chart or graph.

Creating Cells, Rows, and Columns in Excel

Now that you have a basic understanding of Excel and have opened a new workbook, it’s time to start creating cells, rows, and columns. These are the building blocks of your spreadsheet, so it’s important to know how to create and manipulate them.

Entering Data Into Cells

The first step in creating a spreadsheet is to enter data into cells. To enter data into a cell, simply click on the cell and start typing. You can enter numbers, text, and even formulas into cells. If you want to edit a cell after you have entered data into it, just click on the cell again and make your changes.

Creating Rows and Columns

To create a new row, simply click on the row number on the left-hand side of the screen and right click to select “Insert”. To create a new column, click on the column letter at the top of the screen and right click to select “Insert”. Repeat this process for as many rows and columns as you need.

Merging and Splitting Cells

You may want to merge cells in order to create a larger one for a title or heading, for example. To merge cells, select the cells you want to merge, click on the “Merge & Center” button, and Excel will create a single cell out of them.

To split cells, select the cell and then click on the “Split Cells” button. You can split cells horizontally, vertically, or both.

Formatting Cells

Once your cells are in place, you can format them to add style and emphasis. To format cells, select the cells you want to format and click on the “Home” tab at the top of the screen. You can change the font, font color, cell borders, and more.

Using Formulas and Functions

Excel is known for its powerful formulas and functions. To start using them, simply type = into a cell and then choose the function you want to use. Excel will give you suggestions as you type, so you don’t have to memorize every function.

Function NameDescriptionExample
SUMAdds up a range of cells=SUM(A1:A5)
AVERAGECalculates the average of a range of cells=AVERAGE(A1:A5)
MAXReturns the largest value in a range of cells=MAX(A1:A5)
MINReturns the smallest value in a range of cells=MIN(A1:A5)

Using formulas and functions will allow you to automate calculations and save time in your work. The possibilities are endless, so get creative!

Sayonara For Now!

There you have it folks! Creating a simple Excel spreadsheet is not rocket-science. Try creating one for yourself and see how it goes! Share your experience and thoughts in the comments section below. If you found this tutorial helpful, be sure to share it with your peeps, and also bookmark our page for the latest life-changing content on Excel spreadsheets. Thanks for reading and see you in our next tutorial!